Common signs and symptoms of arthritis are Swelling of the joint, Aching and stiffness of the joint, Loss of flexibility of joints, Decrease in range of motion of joint or loss of motion of the joint. In other words the actual Sign and Symptoms of arthritis depend on the type of arthritis you have. There are over 100 types of arthritis. Here is a description of some common ones.
It is the most common arthritis affecting the neck and it slowly leads to degeneration of the cartilage and occurs due to wear and tear of the joints between the bones. It is the most common arthritis affecting the spine and it slowly leads to degeneration of the cartilage and may affect the multiple joints.
Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease and affects up to 30 million Americans, mostly women and usually those over 45 or 50 years of age. This type of arthritis occurs in the joints especially in the hands and the weight bearing parts of the body. Joints include knee, hip and the spine. This type of arthritis occurs because of the break down in cartilage. Cartilage is a tissue that cushions the ends of bones within the joint. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage begins to fray and may entirely wear away. Osteoarthritis can cause joint pain and stiffness.
It is a type of chronic or long-lasting disease which mainly affects the joints in the body. Here in this type the immune system of the body causes the swelling in the joints. This inflammation then spreads to surrounding tissues damaging the cartilage and the bones. This creates the pain, stiffness, swelling joint damage and loss of function of some of the bones.
Post-traumatic Arthritis can be caused by repeated stress like falls in contact sports or injury to the neck like a “whiplash” after a car accident causing multiple hyperextensions and hyperflexions (the neck extending beyond its normal limits). This type of arthritis can sometimes develop years after the injury. It can be caused by repeated stress like multiple shoulder dislocations or injury to the shoulder like after a car accident and can sometimes develops years after the injury.
Infectious (septic arthritic):
An infection in the synovial fluid and tissues of a joint. It is usually caused by bacteria, but could also be caused by fungi or viruses. Bacteria, fungi or viruses may spread through the bloodstream from infected tissue nearby, and infect a joint. Most susceptible people are those who already have some form of arthritis and develop an infection that travels in the bloodstream.
Osteoarthritis of the Spine:
Spinal arthritis is one of the common causes of back pain. Spinal arthritis is the mechanical breakdown of the cartilage between the aligning facet joints in the back portion (posterior) of the spine that quite often leads to mechanically induced pain. If you have OA of the spine, you may experience stiffness and pain in the neck or in the lower back. Sometimes arthritis-related changes in the spine can put pressure on the nerves, causing weakness or numbness in your arms or legs.
More in this Article:
- The Sign and Symptoms depend on the type of Arthritis
- Arthritis Diagnosis Tests and Medications
- Arthritis Treatments and Cure Options
Bursitis and tendonitis:
Bursitis and tendonitis are caused by irritation from injuring or overusing a joint. Bursitis affects a small sac called the bursa that helps to cushion the muscles and tendons surrounding the joint. Tendonitis affects the tendons that attach muscle to bone.
Reactive arthritis occurs after an infection, most commonly after infections of the intestine or genitourinary tract. Appropriate treatment is very effective.
Ankylosing spondylitis generally affects the spine and the sacroiliac joints and often presents with low back pain. It is a treatable arthritis hence accurate diagnosis and aggressive therapy is essential.
Gouty arthritis occurs due to deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in the joints. Dietary changes and medicines are can treat this condition effectively.
It is basically an inflammatory form of muscle disease that is often associated with arthritis. As it is a potentially life-threatening disease appropriate aggressive medical therapy is necessary.
This is a rare type of arthritis which mainly affects the children. It causes the pain, stiffness, swelling, loss of function of the joints. The reason for the cause for this type of arthritis is not known till now. But it is considered that it is an autoimmune disease. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is not hereditary.
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