The stages of cervical cancer help the doctor or medical professional to know, how far it has spread. Staging of a cancer is imperative because treatment is often decided according this system. Doctors use different systems to point cancers in Women. The 2 methods apply for pointing most kinds of CC, the FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) procedure and the AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) TNM staging procedure, are very similar.
Gynecologists and gynecologic oncologists use the FIGO formula to describe stages for Cancer of Cervix. The Cervical Cancer staging technique begins at 0 (first step) and closed at 4 ( final step).
Phase 0 (Carcinoma in Situ)
0 is starting scaffold, Cancer is only found in the first layer of cells facing the cervix, which means that it has not occupied the deeper tissues of the cervix. Stage 0 is also called carcinoma in situ. This type is not cancer. Also known pre-malignant or precancerous. It can be divided into two parts.
Cervical Cancer only found in the cervix or limited to the superficial layer of cervix. This juncture of cervical tumor is divided into phases 1A and 1B, based on the amount of cancer that is found.
- Stage 1A: A very small amount of cancer which is only seen by microscope.
- Stage 1B: The incursion area is between 3 mm and 5 mm deep and less than 7 mm wide. Tumor can be seen without a microscope and may be larger than 4 centimeters.
Tumor enlarges beyond the cervix, but not as far as the pelvic wall or sarcoma cells extend to the upper vagina or the tissue around the uterus. Here are 2 types of Cervical Cancer platform.
- Stage 2A -Extends to upper part of the vagina, but not to the surrounding tissues (parametria).
- Stage 2B- Melanoma has increase away from the cervix to the upper two-thirds of the vagina and to the tissues around the uterus.
This kind of staging shows that cancer has spread to the lower portion of the vagina. It could have also spread to the pelvic wall in this step.
- Stage 3A is when the cancer has reach to the lower third of the vagina but not the pelvic wall.
- Stage 3B means the tumor has grown through to the pelvic wall or is blocking one or both of the tubes that drain the kidneys.
Phase 4 and Last Stage
In stage4, cervical cancer is advanced in Women. It is known as last and final phase for cervix cancer. In this condition, Tumor has spread to the bladder, rectum, or other parts of the body organs outside the cervix and womb, such as the lung, liver, and bone; 10% five-year survival rate.
- Stage 4A -This type includes tumor that has spread to areas close to the cervix, such as the bladder or rectum.
- Stage 4B – Cervical cancer stage is not measured curable. In this stage, Spread (metastasis) to distant organs such as the lungs or liver.
Find Cervical Cancer phasing video on YouTube…….